Saturday, 28 December 2013

[RwandaLibre] South Sudan: Another Rwanda in the Making

South Sudan: Another Rwanda in the Making

By Stephen Par Kuol
December 27, 2013 (SSNA)

Having come to term with the embarrassing truth that genocide in
Rwanda could have been prevented, the world leaders under the
leadership of Bill Clinton of the United States in 1994 vowed: "never
and never again shall there be another Rwanda in the 21stcentury", but
in many other betrayals to humanity, it happened again and again in
the watch of the United Nations and its founding super powers!. It is
now happening in South Sudan again and the UNIMISS in Juba is doing
exactly what the French troops and the United Nations Peacekeeping
Mission did in Kigali during that time of Rwanda genocide. Helde
Johnson in her diplomatically unacceptable exotic miniskirts is still
praising Kiir and his killing machine ( Dootku Beny or rescuing Kiir
brigade) for bringing the situation back to normal in the national
capital. What Ms. Johnson's mission has managed to do in this tragic
time of calling is setting up an open concentration camp around
UNIMISS compound in Juba where they are providing nothing to save
lives from other natural hazards such as Juba blazing sun, hunger,
disease and thirst as the door to door lynching of Nuers continued
until yesterday, December 19, 2013 when I narrowly escaped the reddish
eye bolt of the ongoing onslaught. I therefore , write to inform New
York and the entire international community that UNIMISS's mandate
under the United Nations Resolution Number [S/RES/2109]
underscoring UNIMISS's role in protecting civilians, improving
security and supporting peace building efforts is administratively
abandoned exposing the civil population to genocide in South Sudan.

Just like the deadly complacency in the case of Rwanda, the United
Nations Mission in South Sudan( UNIMISS) has left the crisis to Kiir's
genocidal operatives and the rebels to figure it all out. It goes
without informing the records that there were many feasible steps to
prevent the genocide that would have been taken in the case of Rwanda
but they were all ignored and the genocide happened. The history is
repeating itself and genocide is happening once again in South Sudan.
Those who argue against this assertion must consult the book for
correct definition of genocide. Genocide is a Greek word for killing
a race or an ethnic group. Geno is the race or an ethnic group and
cide is the act of killing. The Modern International Criminal Justice
has defined it as a systematic plan of a political authority to
eliminate a specific ethnic group. In political term, the targeted
ethnic group is politically convicted of a collective guilt by the
state with jurisdictional authority in a given state territory. This
is how it happened in Rwanda and that is how it is now brewing in
South Sudan. The Nuer Community from which Riek Macher hails is
currently lynched to collectively punish them for Riek's alleged coup
and rebellion.

Even if we accept it for the sake of argument that Dr. Riek Machar
and his armed rebels still pose danger to Kiir's Government, but do
we the unarmed civilian pose that threat now in Juba? Why should my
colleagues like Lam Chuol Thicuong , Honorable Jal Thiech, Brigadier
General Martin Kueth Peat and Ustaz Reath Thoan who have nothing to do
with the mutiny named coup lose their lives because of their ethnic
identity if this is not a genocide?

The preliminary stock of the Nuer civilians killed so far between the
December 16 and 19 makes more than half of the death toll reported so
far in Juba. According to eye witness report from the battle field,
the real casualties of the military confrontation were 27 soldiers
only. These other casualties were cold blood victims of Dootku Beny
Brigrade, a private armed force of President Kiir in akin to Hutu
ENTERAHAMAWE composed mainly of Dinka boys from Greater Bar-Elghazal
states of Northern Bar -elghazal and Warap. The Dinka language
meaning of "doot" is recuing or reaching. It was privately and
specially equipped to protect Kiir from perceived threat posed by the
Nuer elements in the SPLA proper. In their genocidal operation,
Dootku Beny and Kiir's security operatives have turned the national
capital into a festive heaven for vultures and other scavengers as the
corpses begin to decompose around the city suburbs. Many innocent
victims have been murdered in 107 township, Jabel ,Gurei, Gudella and
Manga residential areas where those butchers hunt only for those who
speak Nuer language. Many of the Kiir supporters including family
members of Kiir's cabinet ministers have been killed even in
ministers' residents.

Being the nature of the beast, genocide knows neither maverick nor
moderates! That is why Nuer ministers and intellectuals who are Kirr's
strong supporters had to be evacuated to safer enclaves within the
city where they are either protected by armed relatives or people
closed to the president where they are compelled against their own
conscience to condemn the so called attempted coup in the media. Other
than that, they have no other use for this rogue regime. Retrieve the
last Presidential Press Statement declaring curfew and the ongoing
state of emergency which General Kiir declared in his sub- conscience
thorough a slip of the tongue but was politically corrected by his
shivering chicken ministers before the press. This secretly declared
state of emergency has made it a nightmare to be a Nuer now in Juba.
Evidently, there are few moderate Hutus among our Dinka cousins in
Juba to protect their Nuer cousins at the time of this writing. With
the death news from Juba, the SPLA forces are now confronting one
another along ethnic line in various barracks across the country.
Events on the ground have their own dynamics and should this continue
unabated, revenge killing will ensue plunging the entire nation into
the abyss of genocide that could be worse than that of Rwanda. Let us
face it; we are at the apex of genocide by all legal and political
meaning of the word. The International Criminal Court (ICC), which
has the jurisdiction to prosecute crimes of genocide has legally
defined it to mean any of the following acts committed with intent to
destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or
religious group, such as:

(a)killing members of the group;

(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated
to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part.

While many cases of group-targeted violence have occurred throughout
history and even since the Convention came into effect, the legal and
international development of the term is concentrated into two
distinct historical periods: the time from the coining of the term
until its acceptance as international law (1944-1948) and the time of
its activation with the establishment of international criminal
tribunals to prosecute the crime of genocide (1991-1998). Preventing
genocide, the other major obligation of the convention, remains a
challenge that nations and individuals continue to face. Lack of
preventive diplomacy at the United Nations has rendered advocacy
against genocide futile. Preventive diplomacy is practiced only where
there is a vital interest of the super powers in the balance. .A
nascent landlocked fragile state like the Republic of Sudan South is
nobody's business.

So, only South Sudanese intellectuals, civil society and political
leaders must rise to the occasion to reverse the unfolding catastrophe
by doing the following:

1. Bringing pressure to bear on Kiir and his henchmen to release all
prisoners of conscience and stop the ongoing genocide in the country.

2. Urging the United Nations and the African Union to intervene with
all the powers they have as quickly as possible.

3. Appealing to our SPLA gallant forces to stop repeating the 1991
fratricidal killing. They must protect their comrades from other
ethnic groups to avoid more revenge killing.

4. Convening a serious national peace conference to seriously discuss
the unfolding despicable situation.

5. Urging Dr. Riek and his group to accept dialogue as the only way to
avoid escalation of the situation. South Sudan is a traumatized nation
without another mental and physical gusto to fight another civil war
especially the brewing tribal war. Dr. Riek must avoid commanding
genocide like what Kiir is doing now. He must also practice the peace
and reconciliation he was calling for before Kiir sidelined him.

6. Finally, I personally urge my fellow Nuers in South Sudan uniform
to avoid genocidal revenge to honor their own struggle and blood of
our martyrs which delivered us the independence we are now

Honorable Stephen Par Kuol is a former Deputy Ambassador of the Sudan
to the United Republic of Tanzania and the State Minister of
Education in the recently overthrown Government of Jonglei State by
Dr. Riek Machar's forces. He is also a researcher and freelance writer
on academic topics pertinent to Human Right and Post-conflict Criminal
Justice Administration. He can be reached via / .

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“Uwigize agatebo ayora ivi”. Ubutegetsi bukugira agatebo ukariyora uko bukeye n’uko bwije.

"Ce dont j’ai le plus peur, c’est des gens qui croient que, du jour au lendemain, on peut prendre une société, lui tordre le cou et en faire une autre."

“The price good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.”

“The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish.”

“I have loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore I die in exile."




1.Kumenya Amakuru n’amateka atabogamye ndetse n’Ibishobora Kukugiraho Ingaruka ni Uburenganzira Bwawe.

2.Kwisanzura mu Gutanga Ibitekerezo, Kurwanya Ubusumbane, Akarengane n’Ibindi Byose Bikubangamiye ni Uburenganzira Bwawe.